How to Cite a Patent

When citing patents in a text (article, research paper, etc.), there are different formats used, depending on the style of citation used. This page lists some of the most common styles used when citing a patent and gives examples of the citations.

Using the patent shown below as an example, here are citations using various citation manual styles:

Chicago Manual of Style Citation:

Williams, Dave. 2005. Screw less clip mounted computer drive. U.S. Patent 6,885,550, filed August 24, 2000, and issued April 26, 2005.



The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th Edition

MLA Citation:

Williams, Dave. "Screw less clip mounted computer drive." Patent 6,885,550. 26 April 2005.



MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers 7th Edition



APA Citation:

Williams, D. (2005). U.S. Patent No. 6,885,550. Washington, DC: U.S.





Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 6th Edition



ACS Citation:

Williams, D. U.S. Patent 6,885,550, 2005.



The ACS Style Guide: Effective Communication of Scientific Information (ACS Style Guide)



IEEE Citation:

D. Williams,"Screw Less Clip Mounted Computer Drive." U.S. Patent 6,885,550, issued April 26, 2005.

IEEE

IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Style Manual


Bluebook Citation:

U.S. Patent No. 6,885,550 (issued Apr. 26, 2005).



The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation, 19th Edition





Understanding and Mastering The Bluebook

CSE Citation:

Williams D, inventor; 2005 Apr. 26. Screw less clip mounted computer drive. United States patent US 6,885,550.



Scientific Style And Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, And Publishers (CSE, Scientific Style and Format)

AMA Citation:

Williams, D, inventor; Axxion Group Corporation, assignee. US patent 6,885,550. April 26, 2005.



AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors

NLM Citation:

Williams, D, inventor; Axxion Group Corporation, assignee. Screw less clip mounted computer drive. United State patent US 6,885,550. 2005 Apr 26.

NLM Style Guide

Citing Medicine, 2nd edition The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers">

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